What Is The Difference Between Light, Medium, and Dark Roast?

Learn About Different Roasts & Which Coffee Roast Has The Most Caffeine

Halfwit coffee roasters on javaya light roast dark roast medium roast coffeeRoast is potentially the most misunderstood categorization for coffee. Nonetheless, it is very convenient to classify coffees in this way. The lightness or darkness of a roast, plain and simple, has to do with how long the roaster "cooks" the green coffee beans during roasting.

  • Light Roast: Most original flavor of the coffee bean retained, Most caffeine, Lacking oil from the roasted beans
  • Medium Roast: Balanced acidity and body, Moderate caffeine, The original flavor of the coffee bean begins to give way to the roasting process's flavors and aromas, Often called a "breakfast" or "American" roast
  • Dark Roast: Dark and oily, Tastes come almost exclusively from roasting and you'll taste much less of the coffee's "origin notes", Least amount of caffeine

Which Roast Should I Choose?

At the end of the day, it's all about personal preference.

Here is what we'll tell you, though: your friendly neighborhood Craft Roaster would definitely prefer you check out their light roasts. Why? Well, they spend a ridiculous amount of time traveling to the source of the coffees, meeting with individual farmers, learning about the coffees' origins, and selecting only the highest-quality beans to bring back home with them. They wouldn't pay 2-4x Fair Trade price for these exclusive beans if they wanted to mute the flavors in the roasting process.

This does NOT mean that the roasters' roasting processes aren't also world-class. They spend dozens of hours per coffee perfecting time and temperature to extract the perfect flavors. In the end, it's all about the balance (and the craft!) of craft coffee.

Common Myths About Roast Type

WRONG: Dark roasts have the most caffeine

  • It's actually just the opposite. Caffeine is "cooked off" in the roasting process. Therefore, the longer the coffee is roasted, the darker it becomes AND the less caffeine remains in the bean.

WRONG: Dark roasts make for the best Espresso

  • Many of the roasters on Javaya will tell you that you can make espresso from any coffee, even decaf roasts! It's all about personal preference.